By Annette Wirén, Sulzer

El-Nasr Company for Intermediate Chemicals (NCIC) is the largest fertilizer company in Egypt and a leading company in the North African market. Its Al-Fayoum fertilizer complex was started in 2011 and includes a phosphoric acid plant (150 tons per day P2O5). Sulzer was the selected vendor for the supply of the axial flow pumps, and many other pumps.


The phosphoric acid is produced in a dihydrate (DH) process. The phosphate rock is attacked by phosphoric and sulfuric acid in a reactor. The 28 percent P2O5 acid produced is filtrated and then evaporated to a concentration of 54 percent P2O5.

The constraints of the evaporator circulator are as follows:

  • 54 percent P2O5 acid with contaminants (HF, H2SiF6, H2SO4,≈ 3 percent solids).
  • maximum operating temperature of 203 degrees Fahrenheit (95 degrees Celsius). 
  • manufacturer standard design (high flow, low head, and limited NPSHa).
  • no speed variation.
  • heavy duty and nominal bearing duration more than 25,000 hours of operation.


Sulzer selected the best pump size and propeller design for optimum benefits to the customer:

  • propeller specifically designed for the project, with high efficiency and lasting performance in a corrosive and erosive application.
  • optimal selection of the operating point with regard to the BEP and inherent hydraulic constraints of axial flow pump.
  • adapted mechanism for pulleys/belts assembly, guaranteeing perfect performance and long lifetime of the mechanical seals as well as trouble-free operation of the bearings.

The construction material proposed by the engineering company was SS904L, which is a common material for such applications. Its advantage is good corrosion resistance in most low-temperature P2O5 applications.

Evaporator circulation pump type CAHRM750K running at site.


An axial flow pump with a state-of-the-art design, adequately selected to meet exact production needs and properly serviced, proved to be highly beneficial to our customer. The pump was operated for eight years with no repairs needed. After that, the customer decided to replace the main wear parts: propeller, shaft, wear ring and mechanical seals. Although many of the parts could have been reused, the customer chose to replace them with genuine new parts. Reusing worn components would not have guaranteed a similar lifetime after restart.

Despite an apparently low solids content in the fluid, the total weight of solids passing through the pump during one hour of operation can be estimated to be about 180 tons. These solids are mainly gypsum and precipitates. The traces of erosion visible on the propeller did not reveal abnormal patterns. The hydraulic design tailored for the project turned out to be successful and highly reliable.

During these eight years, the total cost of ownership (TCO) was kept to a minimum, with no added costs for commissioning, no down-time costs, no removal and disposal costs. The only costs incurred were related to operation, i.e. energy and consumables, and routine maintenance.

“The Sulzer axial flow pump type CAHRM750K we use in the evaporator circulation loop has been running perfectly since start-up and we are very satisfied. We only had to replace some parts after eight years of operation, which is remarkable,” adds Yasser Ahmed, production manager at NCIC.

Evaporator circulation pump type CAHRM750K in the workshop prior to packing.


For further information on the selection and operation of axial flow pumps in an evaporation loop, consult the article Optimizing Axial Flow Pumps in Evaporator Circuit by D. Krebs (43rd Annual International Phosphate Fertilizer and Sulfuric Acid Technology Conference, AIChE, Clearwater convention 2019) or read his article Optimizing the Performance of Axial Flow Pumps in Evaporator Circuits.


Sulzer is a global leader in fluid engineering. We specialize in pumping, agitation, mixing, separation, and application technologies for fluids of all types. Our customers benefit from our commitment to innovation, performance, and quality and from our responsive network of 180 world-class production facilities and service centers across the globe. We provide pumps, agitators, compressors, grinders, and screens developed through intensive research and development in fluid dynamics and advanced materials. We are a market leader in pumping solutions for water, oil and gas, power, chemicals, and most industrial segments. For more information, visit

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